Everest was named after Sir George Everest
Surveyor-General of India.
The Nepali name is Sagarmatha ( " Head
of the Sky " ),
Sherpas call it
Chomolungma ( "
Goddess Mother of the World "
Chinese call it Qomolangma Feng.
The first ascent was in 1953 by ( Sir )
Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay
who reached the summit via
the Khumbu Icefall, the Western Cwm,
the Geneva Spur
to the South Col and the SE Ridge.
Reinhold Messner has climbed Everest twice
and also made the first solo ascent.
At the end of 2003 the record
stood at 449 expeditions,
900 different people had
reached the summit
( including over 30 people
climbing more than 5 times,
40 people climbing more
than twice, a total of 1000 ascents ),
climbers having died in their attempts.
From 1983 both China and Nepal have allowed
several expeditions on the mountain
at the same time resulting
in queues for the fixed ropes, confusion, squabbles,
base camps and considerable rubbish littering the mountain.